แม่แบบ:en-noun

จาก วิกิพจนานุกรม พจนานุกรมเสรี
ไปยังการนำทาง ไปยังการค้นหา

en-noun (พหูพจน์ en-nouns)


Template:en-noun is an inflection template for most English nouns.

แม่แบบ:isAccelerated

Quick guide[แก้ไข]

code result notes
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} or {{en-noun|s}} noun (พหูพจน์ nouns) Numbered arguments are plurals. Use + to explicitly request the default.
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} or {{en-noun|es}} church (พหูพจน์ churches) The default plural algorithm adds -es to nouns ending in -ch, -sh, -s, -z or -x.
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} belfry (พหูพจน์ belfries) The default plural algorithm changes -y to -ies after a consonant.
{{en-noun}} or {{en-noun|+}} decoy (พหูพจน์ decoys) The default plural algorithm just adds -s to -y following a vowel.
{{en-noun|-}} awe (นับไม่ได้)
{{en-noun|-|+}} or {{en-noun|-|s}} rain (โดยปกตินับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ rains) Here we explicitly request a plural for a usually uncountable noun.
{{en-noun|-|+}} greenery (โดยปกตินับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ greeneries)
{{en-noun|~}} beer (นับได้และนับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ beers)
{{en-noun|!}} abligurition (พหูพจน์ไม่ปรากฏ)
{{en-noun|?}} tuchus (พหูพจน์ไม่ทราบหรือไม่แน่นอน)
{{en-noun|~|!}} tuchus (นับได้และนับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ไม่ปรากฏ) You can combine - or ~ with ! or ?.
{{en-noun|+|seraphim}} seraph (พหูพจน์ seraphs หรือ seraphim) Here we request the default plural and also specify an irregular plural.
{{en-noun|head=[[destroy]]ing [[angel]]}} destroying angel (พหูพจน์ destroying angels) head= to explicitly insert links to multiword terms.
{{en-noun|head=[[chain]][[man]]|chainmen}} chainman (พหูพจน์ chainmen)

Extended guide[แก้ไข]

Use this template to show the inflection line of an English singular noun.

This template shows the noun in bold (optionally linking its components) and its plural inflections, if any.

{{en-noun}}
{{en-noun|+}}
{{en-noun|s}}
{{en-noun|es}}
{{en-noun|...}}
{{en-noun|...|...}}

If the term has uncountable senses, the template can indicate whether the term is sometimes or never countable. Specifying - as the first parameter indicates that a term is uncountable, and no plural is shown by default. If it may occasionally be used as countable, specify the plural form after it.

{{en-noun|-}}
{{en-noun|-|+}}
{{en-noun|-|...}}

Specifying ~ instead indicates that the term is used more or less equally as countable and as uncountable, and uses the default plural.

{{en-noun|~}}
{{en-noun|~|...}}

In entries for English plural-only nouns, use {{en-plural noun}}:

{{en-plural noun}} 
{{en-plural noun|head=[[Christmas]] [[lights]]}} 
{{en-plural noun|head=firework}}

Parameters[แก้ไข]

The default plural is formed as follows:

  1. If the noun ends in -s, -x, -z, -sh or -ch, add -es.
  2. If the noun ends in -y preceded by a consonant (any letter other than a, e, i, o or u), change the -y to -i and add -es.
  3. Otherwise, add -s.

If the noun forms its plural according to these rules, no parameters are necessary. E.g. on cherry:

===Noun===
{{en-noun}}

The above code displays as follows:

Noun

cherry (พหูพจน์ cherries)

If the noun forms its plural in any other way (e.g. on erratum and mouse):

{{en-noun|errata}}
erratum (พหูพจน์ errata)
{{en-noun|mice}}
mouse (พหูพจน์ mice)

Likewise, if the noun is identical in the plural, but still countable, specify it, e.g. on Abkhaz:

{{en-noun|Abkhaz}}
Abkhaz (พหูพจน์ Abkhaz)

To explicitly request the default plural, use +. This is not necessary if the only has one plural, but it useful if the noun has multiple plurals, e.g. on octopus:

{{en-noun|+|octopi|octopodes}}
octopus (พหูพจน์ octopuses หรือ octopi หรือ octopodes)

If the noun is uncountable, use -, e.g. on awe:

{{en-noun|-}}
awe (นับไม่ได้)

If the noun is usually uncountable, use - followed by an explicit plural, e.g. on reality:

{{en-noun|-|+}}
reality (โดยปกตินับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ realities)

If the noun is either countable or uncountable, use ~, e.g. on beer and geometry:

{{en-noun|~}}
beer (นับได้และนับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ beers)
{{en-noun|~}}
geometry (นับได้และนับไม่ได้, พหูพจน์ geometries)

If you want to qualify a plural, use |plNqual=, e.g. on tree:

{{en-noun|+|treen|pl2qual=obsolete}}
tree (พหูพจน์ trees หรือ (obsolete) treen)

Pluralia tantum[แก้ไข]

If the word is a plurale tantum (always or usually used in the plural only, such as scissors or cattle), then use {{en-plural noun}} instead.

See also[แก้ไข]