penda

จาก วิกิพจนานุกรม พจนานุกรมเสรี
ไปยังการนำทาง ไปยังการค้นหา

ภาษาสวาฮีลี[แก้ไข]

คำกริยา[แก้ไข]

-penda (infinitive kupenda)

  1. รัก, ชอบ

การผันรูป[แก้ไข]

การผันรูปของ -penda
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kupenda kutopenda
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative penda pendeni
Habitual hupenda
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilipenda
nalipenda
tulipenda
twalipenda
ulipenda
walipenda
mlipenda
mwalipenda
alipenda walipenda ulipenda ilipenda lilipenda yalipenda kilipenda vilipenda ilipenda zilipenda ulipenda kulipenda palipenda mulipenda
Relative niliopenda
naliopenda
tuliopenda
twaliopenda
uliopenda
waliopenda
mliopenda
mwaliopenda
aliopenda waliopenda uliopenda iliopenda liliopenda yaliopenda kiliopenda viliopenda iliopenda ziliopenda uliopenda kuliopenda paliopenda muliopenda
Negative sikupenda hatukupenda hukupenda hamkupenda hakupenda hawakupenda haukupenda haikupenda halikupenda hayakupenda hakikupenda havikupenda haikupenda hazikupenda haukupenda hakukupenda hapakupenda hamukupenda
Present
Positive ninapenda
napenda
tunapenda unapenda mnapenda anapenda wanapenda unapenda inapenda linapenda yanapenda kinapenda vinapenda inapenda zinapenda unapenda kunapenda panapenda munapenda
Relative ninaopenda
naopenda
tunaopenda unaopenda mnaopenda anaopenda wanaopenda unaopenda inaopenda linaopenda yanaopenda kinaopenda vinaopenda inaopenda zinaopenda unaopenda kunaopenda panaopenda munaopenda
Negative sipendi hatupendi hupendi hampendi hapendi hawapendi haupendi haipendi halipendi hayapendi hakipendi havipendi haipendi hazipendi haupendi hakupendi hapapendi hamupendi
Future
Positive nitapenda tutapenda utapenda mtapenda atapenda watapenda utapenda itapenda litapenda yatapenda kitapenda vitapenda itapenda zitapenda utapenda kutapenda patapenda mutapenda
Relative nitakaopenda tutakaopenda utakaopenda mtakaopenda atakaopenda watakaopenda utakaopenda itakaopenda litakaopenda yatakaopenda kitakaopenda vitakaopenda itakaopenda zitakaopenda utakaopenda kutakaopenda patakaopenda mutakaopenda
Negative sitapenda hatutapenda hutapenda hamtapenda hatapenda hawatapenda hautapenda haitapenda halitapenda hayatapenda hakitapenda havitapenda haitapenda hazitapenda hautapenda hakutapenda hapatapenda hamutapenda
Subjunctive
Positive nipende tupende upende mpende apende wapende upende ipende lipende yapende kipende vipende ipende zipende upende kupende papende mupende
Negative nisipende tusipende usipende msipende asipende wasipende usipende isipende lisipende yasipende kisipende visipende isipende zisipende usipende kusipende pasipende musipende
Present Conditional
Positive ningependa tungependa ungependa mngependa angependa wangependa ungependa ingependa lingependa yangependa kingependa vingependa ingependa zingependa ungependa kungependa pangependa mungependa
Negative nisingependa
singependa
tusingependa
hatungependa
usingependa
hungependa
msingependa
hamngependa
asingependa
hangependa
wasingependa
hawangependa
usingependa
haungependa
isingependa
haingependa
lisingependa
halingependa
yasingependa
hayangependa
kisingependa
hakingependa
visingependa
havingependa
isingependa
haingependa
zisingependa
hazingependa
usingependa
haungependa
kusingependa
hakungependa
pasingependa
hapangependa
musingependa
hamungependa
Past Conditional
Positive ningalipenda tungalipenda ungalipenda mngalipenda angalipenda wangalipenda ungalipenda ingalipenda lingalipenda yangalipenda kingalipenda vingalipenda ingalipenda zingalipenda ungalipenda kungalipenda pangalipenda mungalipenda
Negative nisingalipenda
singalipenda
tusingalipenda
hatungalipenda
usingalipenda
hungalipenda
msingalipenda
hamngalipenda
asingalipenda
hangalipenda
wasingalipenda
hawangalipenda
usingalipenda
haungalipenda
isingalipenda
haingalipenda
lisingalipenda
halingalipenda
yasingalipenda
hayangalipenda
kisingalipenda
hakingalipenda
visingalipenda
havingalipenda
isingalipenda
haingalipenda
zisingalipenda
hazingalipenda
usingalipenda
haungalipenda
kusingalipenda
hakungalipenda
pasingalipenda
hapangalipenda
musingalipenda
hamungalipenda
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelipenda tungelipenda ungelipenda mngelipenda angelipenda wangelipenda ungelipenda ingelipenda lingelipenda yangelipenda kingelipenda vingelipenda ingelipenda zingelipenda ungelipenda kungelipenda pangelipenda mungelipenda
General Relative
Positive nipendao tupendao upendao mpendao apendao wapendao upendao ipendao lipendao yapendao kipendao vipendao ipendao zipendao upendao kupendao papendao mupendao
Negative nisiopenda tusiopenda usiopenda msiopenda asiopenda wasiopenda usiopenda isiopenda lisiopenda yasiopenda kisiopenda visiopenda isiopenda zisiopenda usiopenda kusiopenda pasiopenda musiopenda
Gnomic
Positive napenda twapenda wapenda mwapenda apenda wapenda wapenda yapenda lapenda yapenda chapenda vyapenda yapenda zapenda wapenda kwapenda papenda mwapenda
Perfect
Positive nimependa tumependa umependa mmependa amependa wamependa umependa imependa limependa yamependa kimependa vimependa imependa zimependa umependa kumependa pamependa mumependa
"Already"
Positive nimeshapenda tumeshapenda umeshapenda mmeshapenda ameshapenda wameshapenda umeshapenda imeshapenda limeshapenda yameshapenda kimeshapenda vimeshapenda imeshapenda zimeshapenda umeshapenda kumeshapenda pameshapenda mumeshapenda
"Not yet"
Negative sijapenda hatujapenda hujapenda hamjapenda hajapenda hawajapenda haujapenda haijapenda halijapenda hayajapenda hakijapenda havijapenda haijapenda hazijapenda haujapenda hakujapenda hapajapenda hamujapenda
"If/When"
Positive nikipenda tukipenda ukipenda mkipenda akipenda wakipenda ukipenda ikipenda likipenda yakipenda kikipenda vikipenda ikipenda zikipenda ukipenda kukipenda pakipenda mukipenda
"If not"
Negative nisipopenda tusipopenda usipopenda msipopenda asipopenda wasipopenda usipopenda isipopenda lisipopenda yasipopenda kisipopenda visipopenda isipopenda zisipopenda usipopenda kusipopenda pasipopenda musipopenda
Consecutive
Positive nikapenda tukapenda ukapenda mkapenda akapenda wakapenda ukapenda ikapenda likapenda yakapenda kikapenda vikapenda ikapenda zikapenda ukapenda kukapenda pakapenda mukapenda
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

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