言語

จาก วิกิพจนานุกรม พจนานุกรมเสรี

ภาษาจีนกลาง[แก้]

 
to speak; to say; talk; word
 
สำเนียง; ภาษา; คำพูด; บอก
ตัวเต็ม (言語)
ตัวย่อ (言语)
anagram 語言语言

การออกเสียง[แก้]


หมายเหตุ:
  • yányǔ - "speech";
  • yányu/yuányu - "to speak", the latter is a colloquial Beijing dialect variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (65) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐn/ /ŋɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨan/ /ŋɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐn/ /ŋiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐn/ /ŋĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɨ̯ɐn/ /ŋi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán yán yán yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjon › ‹ ngjoX › ‹ ngjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋa[n]/ /*ŋa[r]/ /*ŋ(r)aʔ/ /*ŋ(r)aʔ-s/
English (a particle) I, we speak; speech tall speak tell

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 14271 13159 13165
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋan/ /*ŋaʔ/ /*ŋas/

คำนาม[แก้]

言語

  1. การพูด

อ้างอิง[แก้]

  • 2000, Shao, Jingmin (ed.), HSK Dictionary (HSK汉语水平考试词典) (in Mandarin/English), Shanghai: Huadong Teachers College Publishers, ISBN 7561720785: